Dark, bulging or twisted blood veins on your legs can be unsightly, resulting in pain or even signal an underlying health condition. Both spider and varicose veins are very common. A recent report indicated that about 55 percent of women and about 45% of men in the United States have a vein issue. The report also showed that about half of all Americans 50 years or older are battling with varicose veins.
Generally, spider veins are small, reddish or bluish. They look like tree branches or spider webs close to the skin surface. On the other hand, varicose veins look like twisted bulging ropes and are often slightly deeper under the surface of the skin compared to spider veins. Whenever the one-ways that pump blood from lower limbs back to your heat become weak, blood tends to pool in different parts of your legs. This results in swelling in the legs and makes the affected veins appear dark and visible under your skin.
Keep in mind that spider veins and varicose veins won’t disappear on their own. Unless you get medical attention, this condition will only get worse over time. They can also result in skin discoloration, painful sores that don’t heal easily or toughening of the skin.
Options for spider and varicose vein treatment
Prior to any treatment procedure, it is recommended to have a duplex ultrasound performed to identify the severe vein issues such as blood clots (deep vein thrombosis). This test utilizes two forms of ultrasound to help your doctor determine whether or not blood is flowing through the veins as expected. Here are the treatment options for and varicose veins.
The radiofrequency ablation procedure requires your doctor to insert a thin flexible tube known as a catheter into the affected vein. At the end of the tube is a heating element that releases energy that causes controlled damage to the vein from inside. This causes the vein to collapse and close.
This treatment option involves the use of some special garments that tend to put pressure on the varicose vein to minimize the swelling and also prevent blood from recollecting in the legs. A compression hose tends to apply a little pressure over your leg. On the other hand, an over-the-counter compression hose will provide compression and support to your leg and are available in medical supply stores and pharmacies.
This varicose vein treatment involves injecting some form of a chemical into the bulging vein to seal it and prevent more blood from flowing through them. With multiple treatments, the spider veins or varicose veins will simply turn into scar tissue and fade away as your body redirects blood through other healthy veins. Your doctor may ask you to wear compression stocking during the healing process.
Adjusting a few habits in your normal routine can keep spider and varicose veins from worsening. It is recommended to exercise regularly, avoid sitting or standing for a long time, and maintain a healthy weight.